Post- Charlene

Respond by providing an additional scholarly resource that supports or challenges their position along with a brief explanation of the resource

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According to Marken and Carey (2015), psychotherapy also defined as talk therapy is means of supporting individuals suffering from an extensive range of mental health disorders and emotional complications. An exponentially increasing interest in incorporating psychotherapy with the neuroscience has developed influentially during the past 10 years (Marken & Carey, 2015). The understanding of biological foundations of complicated behaviors and human brain along with their maladaptive reactions and the way psychotherapy support psychopathologies declared psychotherapy as a biological treatment (Plakun, 2015). Psychotherapy is regarded as brain therapy that allows individuals to re-elaborate their sense of self through new experiences that entails cognitive, emotional, and internal regulation processing (Marken & Carey, 2015). Similar to all other forms of learning and experience processing, psychotherapy can cause long-term detectable physical modifications in the brain (Marken & Carey, 2015). According to Straub, et al., (2015), psychotherapy has been identified to change activity levels in the prefrontal cortex. The individuals suffering from depression tend to have a high levels of activity in the prefrontal cortex and the individuals who attended interpersonal therapy were identified to have a decline in their prefrontal cortex activity (Straub, et al., 2015).

Influences of Culture, Religion, and Socioeconomics on Personal Perspectives of Psychotherapy Treatments

Psychological suffering implies a culturally situated understanding of a complicated and multidimensional procedure of biopsychosocial variables (Moleiro, 2018). Culture has also been identified to form the models of psychotherapy and psychiatric care and tend to have an impact on each moment and procedure in individuals descriptions of their suffering (Chu, Leino, Pflum, & Sue, 2016). Moreover, culture also tend to establish the credibility or acceptance of types of psychotherapy treatments in the perception of the clients, their families and eventually on adherence to the psychotherapy treatments (Moleiro, 2018).

Religious belief has been identified as significant aspect of principles and values used by individuals to process information and make judgements (Schwarz, 2018). A psychotherapist can boost the capability to determine or understand agonizing, frenzied, or unanticipated incidents by confirming the beliefs and perspective learnings of their clients (Schwarz, 2018). Knowing and validating clients’ belief system improves adherence to psychotherapy and supports to accomplish better results (Captari, et al., 2018). However, incorporating religious dimensions of clients’ lives in psychotherapy demands competence in terms of high standard of awareness, ethics, and abilities for aligning knowledge obtained regarding religious values and beliefs for the benefit of therapeutic procedure (Chu, Leino, Pflum, & Sue, 2016).

Socioeconomics is considered an important aspect of the identity of and individual and it influence the way personal success is perceive (Finegan, Firth, Wojnarowski, & Delgadillo, 2018). Socioeconomic also interrelates with other personality characteristics and tend to have an impact on individuals overall quality of life (Finegan, et al., 2018). It has been identified that individuals from a lower socioeconomic background have a higher tendency of dropping out of the therapy and poor individual perceive psychotherapy as less effective (Levi, Laslo-Roth, & Rosenstreich, 2018). Self/emotion regulation, sensitivity, and mental flexibility are the three main cognitive domains that play crucial role in success of psychotherapy and are impaired because of low socioeconomic status (Levi, et al., 2018).

                                                               References

Captari, L. E., Hook, J. N., Hoyt, W., Davis, D. E., McElroy‐Heltzel, S. E., & Worthington Jr, E. L. (2018). Integrating clients’ religion and spirituality within psychotherapy: A comprehensive meta‐analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 74(11), 1938-1951. doi:10.1002/jclp.22681

Chu, J., Leino, A., Pflum, S., & Sue, S. (2016). A model for the theoretical basis of cultural competency to guide psychotherapy. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 47(1), 18. Retrieved from https://psycnet.apa.org/journals/pro/47/1/18.html?uid=2016-05588-002

Finegan, M., Firth, N., Wojnarowski, C., & Delgadillo, J. (2018). Associations between socioeconomic status and psychological therapy outcomes: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Depression and Anxiety, 35(6), 560-573. doi:10.1002/da.22765

Levi, U., Laslo-Roth, R., & Rosenstreich, E. (2018). Socioeconomic Status and Psychotherapy: A Cognitive-Affective View. Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health Forecast, 1(2), 1008. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328238564_Socioeconomic_Status_and_Psychotherapy_A_Cognitive-Affective_View

Marken, R. S., & Carey, T. A. (2015). Understanding the change process involved in solving psychological problems: A model‐based approach to understanding how psychotherapy works. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 22(6), 580-590. doi:10.1002/cpp.1919

Moleiro, C. (2018). Culture and psychopathology: New perspectives on research, practice, and clinical training in a globalized world. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9, 366. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00366

Plakun, E. M. (2015). Psychotherapy and psychosocial treatment: Recent advances and future directions. Psychiatric Clinics, 38(3), 405-418.

Schwarz, S. (2018). Religious aspects in psychiatry and psychotherapy. International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, 11(2), 109-115. doi:10.1108/IJHRH-07-2017-0031

Straub, J., Plener, P. L., Sproeber, N., Sprenger, L., Koelch, M. G., Groen, G., & Abler, B. (2015). Neural correlates of successful psychotherapy of depression in adolescents. Journal of Affective Disorders, 183, 239-246. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165032715003201

 

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