Effectiveness of chlorhexidine bath in preventing central line infection

 In patients with central lines, what is the effectiveness of daily chlorhexidine bath compared to weekly or as needed dressing changes to reduce infection within the first three months of insertion?

Referenes has to be:

Furuya, Y., Dick, A., Perencevich, E., Pogorzelska, M., Goldman, D., & Stone, P. (2011). Central line bundle implementation in US intensive care units and impact on bloodstream infections. PLoS ONE, 6(1), 1-6.  

Graling, P., & Vasaly, F. (2013). The effectiveness of 2% CHG Cloth Bathing for Reducing Surgical Site Infections. AORN Journal, 97(5): 547-551.

Kim, J., Holtom, P., & Vigen, C. (2011). Reduction of catheter-related bloodstream infections through the use of a central venous line bundle: Epidemiologic and economic consequences. American Journal of Infection Control, 39(8), 640-646. 

Klinworth, G., Stafford, J., O’Connor, M., Leong, T., Hamley, L., Watson, K., Kennon, J., Bass, P., Cheng, A. C., & Worth, L. (2014). Implementation of a successful hospital-wide initiative to reduce central line–associated bloodstream infections. American Journal of Infection Control, 42(6), 685-687.

McAlearney, A., Hefner, J., Robbins, J., Harrison, M., & Garman, A. (2013). Preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections: A Qualitative Study of Management Practices. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 36(5), 557-563. 

Power, J., Peed, J., Burns, L., & Davis, M. (2012). Chlorhexidine bathing and microbial contamination in patients’ basin. American Journal of Critical Care, 21(5), 338-342.

Quach, C., Milstone, A, Perpe, C., Bonenfant, M., Moore, D., & Perreault, T. (2014). Chlorhexidine Bathing in a tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit: Impact on central line–associated bloodstream infections. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 35(2), 158-163.

 Richardson, J., & Tjoelker, R. (2012). Beyond the central line-associated bloodstream infection bundle: the value of the clinical nurse specialist in continuing evidence-based practice changes. The Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice, 26(4), 205-211. 

 Scheithauer, S., Lewalter, K., Schroder, J., Koch, A., Hafner, H., Krizanovic, V., Nowicki, K., Hilgers, R.-D., & Lemmen, S. (2014). Reduction of central venous line-associated bloodstream infection rates by using a chlorhexidine-containing dressing. Infection, 42(1), 155-159.


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2011). Health-care-associated infection (HAI). Retrieved 10/21/2016 from http://www.hhs.gov/ash/initiatives/hai/index.html

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